We will visit the Nasrid Palaces, the Alcazaba, the Palace of Charles V, the Medina, the Partal Gardens and the Generalife.
Duration: 2h30 approx.
Al-Ahmar, founder of the Nasrid dynasty, settles in 1238 in the old Albaicin Alcazaba, drawing his attention to the ruins of the Alhambra hill. He decides to start its reconstruction and to install in it the seat of the court, beginning the construction of the Alhambra that we know today.
The Alhambra, so called because of its reddish walls ("qa'lat al-Hamra'", Red Castle), is located at the top of the hill of al-Sabika, on the left bank of the river Darro, to the east of the city, in front of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicín and the Alcazaba. Its strategic position, from which the whole city and the Granada plain can be seen, leads us to believe that there were buildings there before the arrival of the Muslims. Its complex, completely walled, has an irregular shape limited to the north by the Darro valley, to the south by the al-Sabika valley, and to the east by the Little King Hill, which in turn separates it from the Albaicín and the Generalife, located on the Sun Hill.
The Alhambra, a palace, citadel and fortress, residence of the Nasrid sultans and of the high officials, servants of the court and elite soldiers, reached its splendour in the second half of the 14th century, coinciding with the sultanates of Yusuf I (1333-1354) and the second reign of Muhammad V (1362-1391). The Emperor Charles V decided, in 1526, to build the palace that bears his name, along with other very significant buildings in the Roman Renaissance style.