CARMEN RODRÍGUEZ-ACOSTA FOUNDATION
On the hill where the Alhambra is located and a few meters from it, is located the Carmen of the Rodriguez-Acosta Foundation, one of the most unique buildings of its kind in Spain. Built in the first decades of the 20th century and declared a National Monument in 1982, it was the studio of the prestigious painter José María Rodríguez-Acosta and houses a unique set of gardens and a large collection of pieces, from ancient art to modernist, in a surprising tour of the building that includes old caves and underground galleries. The visit consists of a walk through the 5 levels of the studio building and its gardens, designed by the painter, with detailed explanations of the artist's vision, his ideas, the Foundation's Carmen and its annexes.
Duration. 4h30 approx.
Al-Ahmar, founder of the Nasrid dynasty, settles in 1238 in the old Albaicin Alcazaba, drawing his attention to the ruins of the Alhambra hill. He decides to start its reconstruction and to install in it the seat of the court, beginning the construction of the Alhambra that we know today.
The Alhambra, so called because of its reddish walls ("qa'lat al-Hamra'", Red Castle), is located at the top of the hill of al-Sabika, on the left bank of the river Darro, to the east of the city, in front of the neighbourhoods of the Albaicín and the Alcazaba. Its strategic position, from which the whole city and the Granada plain can be seen, leads us to believe that there were buildings there before the arrival of the Muslims. Its complex, completely walled, has an irregular shape limited to the north by the Darro valley, to the south by the al-Sabika valley, and to the east by the Little King Hill, which in turn separates it from the Albaicín and the Generalife, located on the Sun Hill.
The Alhambra, a palace, citadel and fortress, residence of the Nasrid sultans and of the high officials, servants of the court and elite soldiers, reached its splendour in the second half of the 14th century, coinciding with the sultanates of Yusuf I (1333-1354) and the second reign of Muhammad V (1362-1391). The Emperor Charles V decided, in 1526, to build the palace that bears his name, along with other very significant buildings in the Roman Renaissance style.